This article deals with the influence of the 73 sects. Comparative analysis of marriage under islamic law between saudi arabia and egypt. How many different denominations and sects of islam are. Many a yusuf of egypt fallen into the pit, of ours is. Members of the two sects have coexisted for centuries and. The sects were created around certain beliefs that were unorthodox or otherwise. Surely they who divided their religion into parts and became sects, you have no concern with them. Innovative groups have strange theology that is different from the quran. The most recent shah of iran was mohammad reza pahlavi. There are, however, over 150 different smaller sects of islam in total, along with the semihybrid religion bahaiism.
The christians splitup into seventyone or seventytwo sects. Christians too should know about the people in different sects of islam to better understand how they. The differences between the sunni and shiite islamic sects are rooted in disagreements over the succession to the prophet muhammad, who died in 632 ad, and over the nature of leadership in the muslim community. And what difference is there, is in theinterpretation of some of the. In the islamic world view, god is the ultimate legislator. Some cultural muslims drink beer, and after seeing what islam is about, they are muslims because they just want to be left alone. Like other religions, islam has a number of cults and sects. Sunnis have their historical roots in the majority group who followed abu bakr, an effective leader, as the successor of muhammad, instead of his cousin and soninlaw ali. The socalled islamic state, alqaeda and now the taliban are radical jihadist groups focused on ridding the world from the threat, as they perceive it, that western culture poses to islam however, although broadly speaking they share a similar ideology, their views actually differ significantly so much so that the three groups have often found themselves in conflict with one another.
However several main denominations can be identified. Sunnis and shias are the two main sects in islam, and the differences between them arent nearly as profound as between christian sects. Celebrating prezis teacher community for teacher appreciation week. Briefly explain why there was a split in islam that resulted in the creation of the two different sects. After the death of the muslim prophet muhammad in the early seventh century, the roughly 100,000 muslims he left behind needed to choose a new leader for their young islamic.
This work on the shariah or islamic law offers a comparative study of the divine law that, according to authentic islamic doctrines, embodies the will of god in society. The two major religious sects of islam are sunni islam 88% and shia islam 12%. As islam is divided in 72 sects, which of the sects are. Cultural muslims know little about islam, and may not care.
Muhammads death muhammad died in 632 ce in his farewell speech, he warned the muslim community against returning to. Though the two main sects within islam, sunni and shia, agree on most of the fundamental beliefs and practices of islam, a bitter split between the two goes back some 14 centuries. What are the differences in beliefs between the different. Both islamic schools or groups called sunnis and shiites agree upon basic islam pillars and fundamentals. Pdf comparative analysis of marriage under islamic law.
Din the principles of faith the faith of islam is based upon three principles. Cults, sects and branches of islam apologetics index. Islam, one of the three abrahamic religions, is the second largest religion in the world with over 1 billion practitioners. There are many types of shiism, the largest being the. You must have heard the hadeeth about islamic sects,prophets word. Shia muslims constitute about 10%, which is almost the entire rest of the muslim population.
This article examines the divide between the sunni or mainstream islam and the shii branches of islam. Pdf this article deals with the influence of the 73 sects. The christian maronites are added to this group because they share the same distinguishing features, which include geographical isolation, territorial exclusiveness, intensity of rituals and duality of religious organization. These schools are named after abu hanifa, malik bin anas, alshafii, and ahmad ibn hanbal, respectively. Sunni and shia islam class different things as sin. At an extreme, the nation of islam black muslim group taught the black race was superior and the white race was created by devils. What are the similarities and differences between sunni and. Ever, the perfume of thy hair, the soulinformer of ours is. Jahmis and others, in order to prove the fundamentals of islam and islamic beliefs. This difference in belief about caliphet and imamat is the main base of emergence of two main sects in islam. In the name of allah st in the name of allah st some of my blog visitors asked me to design some wallpaper about other maraje and ulama that i havent designed about them yet and im going to do that and i started with design a nice and quality wallpaper about one of the brilliant ulama of shia, ayatullah alsayyid ali alhussani alsistani that im sure you know him but i want to put some of. Which is fastest growing sect in islam general islamic. It spotlights the sunnis, shias, alawis, druze, ibadis, zaidis and yazidis. I get the basic differences of concepts between the shiaa and the sunni, but i am learnig that there are more.
Know that allahs messenger salallahu alaihi wasallam said. Marriage between different sects in islam closed ask question asked 2 years, 10 months ago. The following is a list of extinct sects of shia islam. These branches of shia that no longer to have any living followers or practitioners. Please feel free to contact me for more information. Some of those who have divided their religion into different sects are not your concern. The branches are in agreement on many aspects of islam. Their affairs are in the hands of god who will show them. The one who says that each of the seventytwo sects is guilty of kufr that puts one beyond the pale of islam is going against the quraan and sunnah and the consensus of the sahaabah may allaah be pleased with them all, and the consensus of the four imams and others. Asalaamu alaykum, the exact number of the sects that are present now, is not important. It allows air to circulate, which is important in hot countries, and amplifies the. The christians were divided into seventytwo sects, seventyone of which are in the fire and one is in paradise.
Came to power during world war two after an anglosoviet. During the 7th century, the burgeoning religion faced a significant dilemma when the prophet muhammad, the religions founder, passed away without officially naming his heir. I am a shia, so you need to read other accounts by the sunni brothers. Shia islam, also known as shiite islam or shiism, is the second largest branch of islam after. As for those who divide their religion and break up into sects, thou hast no part in them in the least. He will in the end tell them the truth of all that they did. I was wondering if somebody could give me links or other information that would educate me on the.
The famous hadith that says islam will seperate into 73 sects of which only one will be saved is a tool of arogancy used by all sects and it stops openminded thinking by people, and i do not belive that this hadith is sahih as it goes against the justice of allah. Within islam, the two main divisions are sunni and shiite. Sunnism,and shiism the comparison of the both great sects of. Sects in islam a number of lists are seen in the literature 6062 giving the names of the sects. The resources are the result of research and study over a number of years and are freely available for you to use. The quran thus is a divine book embodying all these attributes, and, being the. Shia muslims make up about 10% of all muslims worldwide. Sunni islam is separated into four main schools of jurisprudence, namely, hanafi, maliki, shafii, hanbali.
Pluralism by demystifying the mystery of different religions and sects, and how islam views this diversity. There are two core groups, but each one has several sub sects as well. The sunni and shiite sects of islam encompass a wide spectrum of doctrine, opinion and schools of thought. Shiites are those who followed ali, the closest relative of muhammad, as muhammads successor. A sect is a subgroup of a religious, political, or philosophical belief system, usually an offshoot of a larger group. The hadith you are referring to is authentic, and has multiple versions with different grades.
Besides its generally accepted that the ahmadiyyah are out of the fold of islam because the ahmadi reject that muhammad saws was the last prophet, insisting that mirza ghulam ahmad was a prophet as well, hence its followers are not considered muslim. The islamic revolution the shah the shah was the emperor of iran. Also there are many sub sects inside each of two main sect of muslims i. Curtains and carpets cover most of the outside of the kabah. Just as within christianity there are different denominations, and varying individually held beliefs within each. The division between sunni and shia dates to the death of the prophet muhammad, when his followers were faced with the decision of who would be his successor as the leader of islam. The kaba in mecca, the holiest shrine in islam, where all muslims face during prayer, was rededicated to allah, and islam spread throughout the arab peninsula in a short period of time. History of the sects of islam indeed, the believers should try to exert their best efforts to be on the path of truth. I recommend to you for further reading this website. Islam also has a number of religious sects that deviate from islam s traditional teachings. It was compiled in jami attirmidhi hadiths 2640 and 2641, sunan abi dawud hadiths 4596 and 4597, sunan ibn majah hadiths 3991 and 3992 and 3993, musnad ahmad hadith 2332, almustadrak hadith 61, as well as numerous other books of hadith.
Are there multiple sects of islam like there are christianity. Sunnis make up between 84 and 90 percent of muslims and are relatively comfortable following. Each group had their own reasoning for their belief from quran and hadith. This sect of islam is the most popular in china and is the most orthodox version of chinese islam. Jan 23, 2018 each of them claims that it is the righteous one, and believe me, theres less than enough proof to find which one is 100% righteous, but you can disprove some of them easily isis likes perhaps. These congregations formed early in mormon history. Jan 28, 2004 i do not belive anyone can compile a listing of all 73 islamic sects as there is no full proof that the islamic sects number 73. If you regularly visit this site and wish to show your appreciation, or if you wish to see further development of al islam. Then there are alternative sects like the ahmadiyya who are kind of like islam s mormons in my opinion and the nation of islam and the five percenters and so on. This article summarizes the different branches and schools in islam.
Jun 28, 2018 after the death of the muslim prophet muhammad in the early seventh century, the roughly 100,000 muslims he left behind needed to choose a new leader for their young islamic state. Lets not forget salafism, which views itself as a return to islam as practiced by the first community of believers. Islam s five pillars of worship and five pillars of faith provide the supports of a muslims daily spiritual life. Two i used to produce the following list are those of islamic encyclopedia published by munshi mehboob alim 60 and that of abumansur albaghdadi 61. May 07, 2008 before joining ya, i did not know about the different sects of islam, however, in the past few months of reading various answers and questions, i have seen several names mentioned.
The muslims you might meet and talk with will probably not all hold the same set of beliefs and doctrines. A muslims islamic beliefs may take one of these forms. Islamic fundamentalism is referred to as islamism, a totalitarian ideology that has given rise. Shia islam, on the other hand, is separated into three major sects. Oct 26, 2007 thus, there are differences between the sunni sects and also between shia sects within each group of the two primary sects of islam. Some muslims say it is fine to drink wine, there is no need to go to mecca, or fast or pray as prescribed. Imams and emirs is a comparative study of islamic sects in the contemporary arab world. The main goalsobjectives of this particular lesson will be for the students to learn some of the main ideasbeliefs of islam, its history, its important people, and its ways of worship and then to learn about and discuss the similarities and differences in the different sects groups of islam. In every path of islam, the image of thy face fellow traveler of ours is. One of the two main sects of islam is orthodox sufi sunni.
Written by a 12th century muslim theologian this book was intended to give his fellow theologians a clear concise dictionary of the early to his time theological sects within islam. Muhammad tahirulqadri article 1 constitutional document this is a constitutional document given by muhammad peace be upon them, the prophet, messenger of god. Branches of mormonism although the official lds church doesnt recognize other sects of the religion, there are other groups that claim to be the true mormon church. This book, volume 5 of 8, presents the similarities and. The emphasis of the hadeeth is preserving your own aqeedah and sticking to the quran and sunnah and not falling into bidah. The divide between sunnis and shia is the largest and oldest in the history of islam. This book,devils deception is particularily frecommended to a new muslim,who gets confused about the different sects in islam. They were not known by this name until after the death of their founder, just as the asharis were not known and did not spread until after the death of abulhasan. In yemen, imams of various dynasties usually of the zaidi sect established a theocratic political structure. The constitution of islamic state of madina the first written constitution of human history an excerpt from the book constitutional analysis of the constitution of madina written by dr. My ummah will divide into 73 sects, all of them will be in the fire except for one this narration is authentic when its. Person of god the sunnis say that allah has body, not. Professing this creed is sufficient to make one a convert to islam, provided the following conditions are met. Fortress of muslim pdf download fortress of the muslim pdf free fortress of the muslim, invocations from the quran and sunnah.
The first division in islam resulted in the sunni and shia branches. Can you objectively compare and contrast the different sects. The seven dimensions of islam northridge united methodist. The moorish science temple, the nation of islam, and the american society of muslims pdf. They accept the authority of the khilafaterashideen the 4 rightly guided successors after t. This is due to the fact that idol worship is not permitted in islam as it would break tawhid belief in the oneness of allah and would commit the sin of shirk comparing anything to allah. Party of liberation is an international, panislamist political organization which describes its ideology as islam, and its aim the reestablishment of the islamic khilafah to resume islamic ways of life in the muslim world. After the qadim formed, another sect of islam started in china. Although sunnis make up the majority of muslims, not every muslim belongs to the same islamic sect. All of the major religions of the world have split into many different parts, called traditions, denominations, branches, sects, faith groups, etc. Umayyads were corrupting islam one of those was alis son muhammads grandson, hussein. The four main branches of islam are shia, sunni, wahhabi and sufi.
This is an ongoing, evolving diagram which we hope to add to. Its name comes from the word sunnah, referring to the behaviour of the islamic prophet muhammad. September 16,1941 february 11, 1979 background he was very unpopular with the public. On this site you will find information about islam and christianity and how they understand each other. Marriage according to the five schools of islamic law al. Within islam, several different denominations exist that hold different beliefs and traditions, with the three main factions consisting of. Sunni islam is the largest muslim sect, and differs from other groups in the matter of the prophet muhammads successor. The split between the two main sects within islam goes back some 1400 years.
This bestselling pamphlet helps believers understand the. Denominations of islam islam is not a monolithic religion. Shia islam encompasses most muslims who are not counted among the sunni. Jan 01, 2016 i heard that the fastest growing sect was the salafi movement but its about quality not quantity.
Although it has some aspects of chinese culture, it retains the main tenets of islamic thought but has remained more accommodating than the other islamic sects. The jews were divided into seventyone sects, one of which is in paradise and seventy are in the fire. Interfaith in quran o surely those who believe, and those who are jews, and the christians, and. Inside they have silver and gold lamps and most important, they have an oval black stone that muslims believe it was given to abraham by an angel, they kiss it seeking for forgiveness, according to the koran, god instructed abraham to tell all worshippers of. If a muslim looked briefly at what is called christianity, they might see the same three categories. Human traditions of mohammed and others the hadiths are paramount in sunni islam. In grief of those claimants, who forbid love, the beauty of thy face, the approved argument of ours is. January 2009 version in discussing any religion, it is important to differentiate between the original teaching and the offshoots. Indeed the children of isra eel split up into 72 sects, and my ummah will split up into 73 sects.
Understanding islam begins with looking at the basic beliefs five pillars of faith and required rituals five pillars of worship of muslims as well as the different islamic sects that muslims may belong to. Islam stack exchange is a question and answer site for muslims, experts in islam, and those interested in learning more about islam. Many muslims might not be aware of the interesting diversity of teaching in the world of islam. Sunni islam is the largest sect, although in some countries it is a minority. Within sunni islam, there are four madhhabs, or schools of thought or religious jurisprudence. That is to say, it is not linked to just one school of thought or one rigid interpretation.
The split occurred after the death of the prophet muhammad who died unexpectedly in 632 ce. The five major schools that are used in the comparison are. These range from the major branches equivalent to christianitys denominations, alongside the mystic sufi movement, to cults in the theological sense of the term like ahmadiyya, bahai, and the druze. Islam major beliefs of the religion and why some religious.1139 1547 1583 1447 739 371 893 734 1466 57 522 1199 943 892 414 245 983 1317 773 376 1463 52 211 876 1435 1561 1390 799 1533 1056 999 1131 426 821 1283 747 710 337 1444 758 472 125 1142 55 995 907 985 1013